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Rice

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24804068

Epidemiological studies suggested that the low incidence of certain chronic diseases in rice-consuming regions of the world might be associated with the antioxidant compound contents of rice. The molecules with antioxidant activity contained in rice include phenolic acids, flavonoids, anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins, tocopherols, tocotrienols, γ-oryzanol, and phytic acid. This review provides information on the contents of these compounds in rice using a food composition database built from compiling data from 316 papers.

The database provides access to information that would have otherwise remained hidden in the literature. For example, among the four types of rice ranked by color, black rice varieties emerged as those exhibiting the highest antioxidant activities, followed by purple, red, and brown rice varieties. Furthermore, insoluble compounds appear to constitute the major fraction of phenolic acids and proanthocyanidins in rice, but not of flavonoids and anthocyanins. It is clear that to maximize the intake of antioxidant compounds, rice should be preferentially consumed in the form of bran or as whole grain. With respect to breeding, japonica rice varieties were found to be richer in antioxidant compounds compared with indica rice varieties.

Overall, rice grain fractions appear to be rich sources of antioxidant compounds. However, on a whole grain basis and with the exception of γ-oryzanol and anthocyanins, the contents of antioxidants in other cereals appear to be higher than those in rice.

 

A research paper on Indigenous rice varieties of India.

Indigenous knowledge of the traditional and qualified ayurveda practitioners on the nutritional significance and use of red rice in medications

Traditional Indian rice (non-hybrids)

karung kuruvai

Fermented Rice:  A neglected Vitamin store

 Pazhaya saadam - the word means "old rice". This is a Traditional wisdom of South India. A wonderful healthy eating life style now ignored in Modern India and ridiculed as a poor man's life-style food.

In olden days, all farmers and all laborers who did lot of physical work ate this fermented rice food for breakfast. This gives sustained energy with all natural nutritional supplements which comes from the fermenting bacteria in it. It is so soothing for the intestines and does not irritate it because the rice is fermented and digested by bacteria. Another plus point is these trillions of bacteria will produce copious amount of B complex 

Vitamins and d vitamin B12 ( a good source for vegetarians) and K vitamins and also add to the fiber in the stool preventing constipation.

Please click here to read the importance of gut bacteria.

kulakkar

Pradheep, in his personal experiments, lost almost 8 pounds by eating 10 days fermented rice and fermented barley with yogurt ( in USA , the temperature is generally less optimum for making fermented rice unlike in India).

I stopped water therapy and ate refined foods for a month and made my levels go to the upper side of normal. Then ate fermented rice and fermented barley using organic-whole-milk-yogurt for 10 days and checked my blood parameters before and after this regimen.


Pancha Bhoota Awareness Walking
For lunch this fermented rice or barley along with a cup of cooked vegetables (each day a different one).

Eating Fermented   Food Home checked Values Hospital
checked
Values
Day-1 Day-10 Day 20
Fasting sugar (mg/dl) 92 71
2hrs after meal (mg/dl) 123 106
Cholesterol (mg/dl) 193 172
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 155 125
Weight (pounds) 152 144
Blood Pressure 123/80 101/70 99/71

I ate more carbohydrates (breakfast and Lunch) like brown-rice and hulled-barley and to contrary belief I get these values very low. At night I ate one plate full of 

moongil rice

well riped fruits like grapes, cherries, bananas, apples etc. I used organic radiance farm whole milk to make yogurt. That is rich in cream and lots of fat. These 10 days I did not do water therapy also.  Inspite of that my values were low. I used home-test kit for this evaluation. In another 10 days I will check in hospital how these values look.

Brown rice or hulled-barley (dont use white pearl-barley) was soaked overnight and then cooked with excess water in pressure cooker. Then when in room temperature conditions, half a teacup of Indian curd (yogurt) was added to cooked rice or cooked barley and allowed to ferment overnight (kept in  oven in cold winters to give  warmth).

Fermenting rice in Cold countries: Add yogurt to rice and ferment it overnight.  IN USA and commercial yogurt is made using  two bacteria: Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus bulgaricus. But the texture is not good, it is slimy and soury.  But in Indian curd or yogurt  Lactobacillus casei is used.  The taste and texture is really good.

You can also use butter milk, which is yogurt without the cream.

To make home made yogurt, boil milk (quarter gallon)  and when it is luke warm add 2 or 3 ounces of yogurt. Allow it to ferment for overnight.

What rice to use?

karudan samba

Use brown rice for fermentation instead of white rice. click here to read about   processing of rice. Converted or parboiled rice has been treated with steam to force nutrients into the kernel before polishing takes place; it lies between brown and white rice in nutritional value. Refined rice is one of the cause of soaring diabetes in rice eating population.

   Brown rice, which has undergone only enough milling to remove the indigestible outer hull, is the most nutritious form.  Further processing results in white rice, which has lost the bran and germ.  It cooks more quickly and is easier to store than whole grain brown) rice, but is much lower in protein and minerals.

But soaking, makes brown rice very palatable. After cooking rice, then  ferment the  rice when it is slightly warm or completely cool. Hulled barley (not pearl white barley) can be used instead of rice for kidney problems and heat in the body.

Why fermented rice? Known as gut microbiota,  the trillions of bacteria that populate the human gastrointestinal tract perform a variety of chores. These "friendly" microbes help extract calories from what we eat, help store these calories for later use, and provide energy and nutrients for the production of new bacteria to continue this work.

So eating fermented rice we actually  introduce always healthy bacteria into our body. The stomach pH kills most of the bacteria in the fermented rice , but remember some of them manages to sneak into the intestines and produce a healthy bacterial colony that even relieves constipation, because they add as fiber to the stools.

Misleading education.

kaattu yanai

By numbers, the bacteria in our gut is more than the number of human cells. We can say even that we are just a human bag of bacteria.  Due to the discovery of penicillin we have been educated with a wrong notion that bacteria means bad. Lot of research now shows that "too clean" leads to many allergy diseases. We would like to alter and state that decreasing the healthy bacteria in our gut causes increased allergy problems.

Modern research is now slowly understanding that the bacteria flora in the body is very very important that when it is disrupted can lead to many diseases and surprisingly obesity. This  Study shows that changing The Bacteria In Your Digestive System Be An Obesity Treatment.

This  articletells us the makeup of each person's gut microflora influences their health, and abnormalities in gut microbes have been linked to diseases such as diabetes and obesity.

 

maappillai samba

A specific population of bacteria present in our gut is crucial to our health. However, some treatments for cancer, particularly those that deplete the body's immune cells, have high potential to disrupt the natural balance between our bodies and these commensal microorganisms, causing disease. This  Study shows that the result of total body irradiation in cancer treatment depends on the type of healthy intestinal bacteria. When mice had good healthy bacteria, the radiation was effective.   Conversely, a reduction in the number of host microorganisms by the use of antibiotics reduced the beneficial effects of TBI on tumor regression in these animals.

Beware: This is a caution to everyone not to use antibiotics unless really needed. Most of the children and medications contain chemicals and anti-biotics that distrupts the gut bacteria and also make them vulnerable to more infections. We might use them for temporary relief of cold and fevers, but in the long run we are increasing the chances of other diseases because of disrupting the bacterial flora.

Use only organic milk , because non-organic milk are from cows given  lots of antibiotics which gets into our human body through the milk. Lazy and ignorant modern mothers give their children these unhealthy milk to children even without boiling the milk. These antibiotics destroy the gut bacteria making the children grow and spread  unhealthy bacteria to everyone. It is common to hear from parents about their children bringing unhealthy infections after going to school. Little 

mattai samba

they do realize it all comes from unhealthy eating and life style of the children which everyone are responsible.

This preparation is called Pazhaya saddam pazhankanji / kulutha choru and  Paaniwala chawal in hindi.

Cook rice and soak in plain water over-night preferably in a clay vessel or porcelain container.  Keep in a warm place like making home made yogurt, so that you allow healthy bacteria to grow in it. Next  day morning mix with a small quantity of buttermilk (optional) , chopped shallots (pearl onions)  and salt.

Eat (or drink as gruel) this highly nutritious vitamin B rich fermented food that will quench the acidity of the body.   The best part of it is that it supplies lots and lots of nutrients especially Vitamin B12, for vegetarians. This is the richest source of Vitamin B12 for vegetarians. It also restores healthy intestinal flora (bacteria) and relieves all diseases related to stomach and intestines, like dueodenal ulcers, infectious colitis, Ischemic colitis, Radiation colitis, Ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, Diverticular disease, Hemorrhoids, Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), celiac disease , candida infections etc.

poongar rice

It is the bacteria cells that also contribute to the bulk of feces that when reduced is one of the factor for constipation.

Ignoring this energizer food recipe modern Indians are going after fad energy boosting foods and supplements like power bars, boosts, horlicks which cause more damage than good and also  causes increase in various diseases like diabetes.

Other rice varieties:

kaattu yanai rice, காட்டு யானை அரிசி, garudan samba, கருடன் சம்பா,  karung kuruvai, கருங் குருவை, kulakkar, குலக்கர், maapillai samba, மாப்பிள்ளை  சம்பா, mattai samba, மட்டை  சம்பா,  moongil, mungil, arisi, மூங்கில், poongar arisi, பூங்கர்

Please click here to continue  reading

 

 

 

 

 

Rice antioxidants: phenolic acids, flavonoids, anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins, tocopherols, tocotrienols, c-oryzanol, and phytic acid Rice antioxidants: phenolic acids, flavonoids, anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins, tocopherols, tocotrienols, c-oryzanol, and phytic acid