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 Sugar

In 1965, the Sugar Research Foundation (SRF) secretly funded a review in the New England Journal of Medicine that discounted evidence linking sucrose consumption to blood lipid levels and hence coronary heart disease (CHD). SRF subsequently funded animal research to evaluate sucrose's CHD risks. The sugar industry did not disclose evidence of harm from animal studies that would have (1) strengthened the case that the CHD risk of sucrose is greater than starch and (2) caused sucrose to be scrutinized as a potential carcinogen. The influence of the gut microbiota in the differential effects of sucrose and starch on blood lipids, as well as the influence of carbohydrate quality on beta-glucuronidase and cancer activity, deserve further scrutiny.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29161267

https://blog.onco.com/sugar-cancer-project-259/

         This sweet has often influenced the health of the  world but more dramatically, the modern world. Refined white sugar is white poison. You will understand why it is a poison, when you understand that it destroys many organs. Unrefined brown sugar also causes a damaging effect, but lesser than white sugar. So, wherever possible, use unrefined brown sugar or jaggery. These contain nutrients unlike white sugar.

        Sugar is made up of glucose which is the energy "currency" for the body cells. Without glucose the cells in our body do not have energy and so cannot function properly. All carbohydrates that we eat are digested and broken down  to glucose in the intestine and are absorbed into the bloodstream. From there, they are transported to the liver and other organs.  However, high levels of glucose in the blood will cause serious damage to organs. The normal blood sugar or glucose level should not exceed 100-120 mg/100ml of blood. When this level is in excess it is called diabetes.

Sweet Damage.

     Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas to maintain blood sugar. If the blood sugar is high, insulin will push the excess blood sugar into the liver and muscles. If the blood sugar level rises suddenly, the body has to work very hard and gets tired quickly.  It is less stressful for the body if the blood sugar rises slowly. 

       Let us imagine a situation where the crowd picks up gradually in a restaurant. It is less stressful for the waiters and hotel crew to serve food in this situation. Imagine how much more difficult it would be if a restaurant crowded suddenly and everyone needed attention from the hotel crew at the same time.

    This is how it is when we eat foods with no fiber. Fiber allows glucose to enter the blood slowly and so the organs like liver and pancreas involved in maintaining these levels are less stressed.

        When we eat foods with no fiber we put our internal body under massive amounts of strain.  Suddenly, the glucose rushes to the blood from the intestines like a mad, restless, hungry crowd entering a restaurant. When the crowd is restlessly waiting, the hands of adults and especially kids would do all sorts of damage to the furniture and walls of the restaurant.  Similarly, when the  sugar levels rapidly increase in blood, they cause oxidative damage to the walls of the blood capillaries and to other organs.

        So, healthy food is one which increases blood sugar slowly and causing less stress to the body handling the sugar crowd.

 

Cytoprotective and antioxidant activity studies of jaggery sugar

 

Research new on Health benefits of raw-sugar. 

 

Iron deificient anemia and raw sugar

 2017 Sep 3;14(5):589-598. doi: 10.1080/19390211.2016.1269145. Epub 2017 Jan 26.

Sugarcane Molasses - A Potential Dietary Supplement in the Management of Iron Deficiency Anemia.

Phytochemical profile of sugarcane and its potential health aspects.  Refinedsugar is the primary product of sugarcane juice, but during its processing, various other valuable products are also obtained in an unrefined form, such as, brown sugar, molasses, and jaggery. Sugarcane juice is widely used in India in the treatment of jaundice, hemorrhage, dysuria, anuria, and other urinary diseases. Herein, we have summarized the different phytoconstituents and health benefits of sugarcane and its valuable products. 

Total antioxidant content of alternatives to refined sugar.

Comparative investigation of sugar composition, furfural derivatives and mutagenicity of molasses produced by conventional and modern techniques

Antioxidants and other functional extracts from sugarcane

Antioxidant Activities of a Tricin Acylated Glycoside from Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) Juice

Anti-oxidant activity in sugarcane juice and its protective role against radiation induced DNA damage

Phenolic composition and antioxidant activity of culms and sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) products

The Effects of Ingestion of Sugarcane Juice and Commercial Sports Drinks on Cycling Performance of Athletes in Comparison to Plain Water

 

Immunostimulating effects of the polyphenol-rich fraction of sugar cane (Saccharum officinarum L.) extract in chickens.

 

The interest in polyphenols, including flavonoids and phenolic acids, has considerably increased in recent years because of their possible role in the prevention of oxidative stress induced diseases such as cardiovascular complications, diabetes, ulcers and cancer (Halliwell, 2007; Repetto & Llesuy, 2002; Sachidanandam, Fagan, & Ergul 2005; Shah, Baliga, Rajapurkar, & Fonseca, 2007). Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) contains phenolic compounds (Fontaniella et al., 2003) and these compounds have also been found in sugar products such as syrup or molasses and in brown sugar (Palla, 1982).

However, the presence of these phytochemicals in sugarcane juice is often undesirable, as they influence the quality and colour of final product sugar and hence these phytochemicals are removed through various purification procedures in the sugar industry. Jaggery and brown sugar are the least processed sugars containing polyphenols. The brown sugar was also known to possess ABTS [2,20 -azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) and DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging activity (Payet, Cheong Sing, & Smadja, 2005; Takara, Matsui, Wada, Ichiba, & Nakasone, 2002).

White and refined sugars undergo extensive purification procedures for the removal of phenolic compounds. The bioactivity of these sugars can be anticipated, as they contain phytochemicals to different extent depending on their manufacturing process. Jaggery is the main source of sugar in rural India and has been considered by many Ayurveda practitioners as a wholesome sugar.

Indian Ayurvedic medicine considers jaggery to be beneficial in treating throat and lung infections. Sahu and Saxena (1994) have found that jaggery can prevent lung damage from particulate matter such as coal and silica dust in rats. However, there are no reports available in the literature on cytoprotective abilities of jaggery and other sugars and their comparative evaluation.

 

Image result for sugarcane phenolics

Image result for sugarcane phenolics

 

 

Polyphenol extracts from dried sugarcane inhibit inflammatory mediators in an in vitro colon cancer model

 

Sugarcane-derived polyphenols decrease diet-induced obesity

 

Therefore, red sugarcane
may be more suitable for the production of nutraceuticals with
antioxidant activities. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669018300165

 

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