Maya or illusion is also widely mis-understood. Maya does not mean that the objects in the world does not exists, it is an illusion. This is how Vedanta is highly misinterpreted.

 The whole confusion goes away by understanding four words.

 1. Sathya (Real). Consciousness is Sathya (Truth or Reality). This means it exists by itself. It does not need anything for its existence.

 2. Mithya (unreal, asath)- Anything that is not self-existent but depends on something else. For example, if Gold is taken as real, then Gold ring and gold necklase is mithya or unreal. Unreal does not mean illusion. Gold ring is not an illusion, but mithya. This means the ring (form) necklase (form) depends on Gold for its existence. If there is no gold, there is no Gold ring or Gold-necklase. So they are mithya.

 3. Thutcha (illusion). Horse horn is an illusion. It never exists. This is clear and does  not require further explanation.

 4. Maya. Maya is the inability to distinguish between the real (sath) from Asath (unreal). Maya is wrongly translated as illusion. Maya is not illusion. It is the lack of awareness to understand the real from the unreal.


Therefore this Universe is not an illusion (thutcha) but Mithya (unreal). Only Pure Consciousness is real.

 Maya is the inability of seeing "Oneness". Everything we see as different. From the day we are born we are taught to differentiate things. We are not taught to see the Oneness.  Maya is beautifully explained in the following scriptural verse from Tirumandiram, a Tamil classic text, from 2 BC by Tirumoolar, a Saint, astronomer, alchemist,  philosopher and a physician.

 "Marathai Maraithathu Mamatha Yanai Marathil Marainthathu Mamatha

"Parathai Maraithathu Parmuthal Bhutham Parathil Marainthathu
Parmuthal Bhutham"

Wood is masked by the toy elephant
And the toy elephant by the wood, and so is
Consciousness masked by the five elements in the Universe
And the Universe is hidden in the Consciousness.


        The above verse means that a child sees the toy elephant and not the wood that makes the elephant. But a the carpenter is only interested in the wood and not the toy. A learned person may study all about matter in the universe, but the wise man sees only Consciousness.

The ordinary person looks at the five levels of their personal beliefs as the five elements (Panhca Bhootas)but the wise looks at the ultimate Truth (Consciousness).

                 To see the whole world as different objects are of that  of the eyes of the immature child. But to see the world as that of Pure Consciousness is the sight of the divine "third-eye", which is opened upon the purification of the mind.

              We started Pancha Bhoota five steps for healing diseases of body and mind. But there is a disease of Samsara, the cycle of birth and death to be healed. This is only possible when we purify our mind and realize the Consciousness as our real Self. Without knowing the reality that everything is Consciousness,  we are caught up in a world of pair of opposites of good and bad, right and wrong, virtue and evil.

           Who created these pair or opposites? Did God create it. Does God exists?. These are the questions often asked by us. We will briefly discuss about it in the next page.

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