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  Medicinal  Grains 
 

CEREALS/

MILLETS

BOTANICAL NAME-FAMILY

Tamil

Malayalam

Hindi

Telugu

Sanskrit

Marathi

fiber

Amaranth       Chaulai        

Bajara

Pearl millet

Pennisetum-typhoidcum - Graminae

Pennisetum americanum

cumbu

cumbu

Bajra

sajja

Varjari

Bajiri

 

Banyard Echinochloa colona Kudiraivalli   Jhangora        

Barley

Hordeum vulgare - Graminae

Barley

Barley

Barley

Barley

 

 

 

Buckwheat Fagopyrum Tataricum     Kaspat or Oggal or Phapar        

Chaama

Panicum sarmenntosum or sumstrense  - Shama Millet

 saamai

 chaama

 Koda

 

 kutki

 

 

Corn Zea-mays - Graminae

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oats

Avena Sativa

             
Proso Millet Panicum miiiaceaum (HOG MILLET) PANIVARAGU   CHENA        
Quinoa                

Ragi

Elucine coracana - Graminae

Ragi Panja-pullu, pullu, Ragi MANDIKA        

Rice

Oryza sativa  - Graminae

             

Rough Chaff or Prickly Chaff

Achyranthus aspera - Amrantaceae

             
Rye          

 

 

 

Sanwa/ Japanese Millet                

Spelt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Teff Eragrostis tef

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thena-Italian (fox) Millet

Steria-Italica - Graminae

thenai

thena

Kangani

korulu

 NAVANE

 

 

Varagu - Fox tail
Australia Ditch Millet, Hureek
Kodo Millet
Paspalum scrobiculatum

 Varagu

 

 Khododhan, Kodoadhan  (Bengali)_

 

 KODARA

 

 

Wheat

Triticum-sativum - Graminae

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wild Rice                

 http://www.blackherbals.com/sorghum_and_millet_in_african_nu.htm

TABLE 1: Nutrient composition of sorghum, finger millet and other cereals (per 100 g edible portion; 12 percent moisture)

Food

Proteina (g)

Fat (g)

Ash (g)

Crude fibre (g)

Carhohydrate (g)

Energy (kcal)

Ca (mg)

Fe (mg)

Thiamin (mg)

Riboflavin (mg)

Niacin (mg)

Rice (brown)

7.9

2.7

1.3

1.0

76.0

362

33

1.8

0.41

0.04

4.3

Wheat

11.6

2.0

1.6

2.0

71.0

348

30

3.5

0.41

0.10

5.1

Maize

9.2

4.6

1.2

2.8

73.0

358

26

2.7

0.38

0.20

3.6

Sorghum

10.4

3.1

1.6

2.0

70.7

329

25

5.4

0.38

0.15

4.3

Finger millet

7.7

1.5

2.6

3.6

72.6

336

350

3.9

0.42

0.19

1.1

                             

Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)

According to Hartwell (1967–1971), barley is used in folk remedies for cancer (esp. of stomach and uterus), and tumors (of the abdomen). The seed meal is a folk remedy for cancer of the uterus, inflammatory and sclerotic tumors and gatherings, and parotid gland tumors. The seed flour is used for condylomata of the anus, tumors behind the ears, scirrhus of the testicles and spleen, and whitlows. Cataplasms derived from the seed are also believed to help breast cancers (Hartwell, 1967–1971). Reported to be antilactagogue, demulcent, digestive, diuretic, ecbolic, emollient, expectorant, febrifuge, and stomachic, barley is a folk remedy for bronchitis, burns, cancer, catarrh, chest, chilblains, cholecystosis, cholera, cough, debility, diarrhea, dyspepsia, fever, inflammation, measles, phthisis, puerperium, sores, and urogenital ailments (Duke and Wain, 1981). Other folk medicinal details are presented in Medicinal Plants of the Bible (Duke, 1983a). Barley grain is demulcent and easily assimilable, and used in dietary of invalids and convalescents. Pearl barley is form commonly used. Powdered parched grains used in form of a gruel for painful and atonic dyspepsia. Barley water with honey prescribed for bronchial coughs, and with gum arabic used for soothing irritations of the bladder and urinary passage. Iranians have a saying, "What has disease to do with men who live upon barley-bread and buttermilk?"

 

 
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